- About us
- The Environment
- Coal mining
- Our region
OKD carries out mining of hard coal in the Karviná part of the Ostrava-Karviná district. Coal is a mineral of biological origin - one of the most significant fossil fuels. In fact it is actually solar energy stored on a long-term basis by means of biological and geological processes.
All OKD mines are deep mines and coal is mined using shafts and adit systems - nowadays exclusively by means of mechanized processes.
In spite of a fall from favour of this material, in the future the significance of coal in terms of energy will be even higher. The reserves of coal in the world are estimated to last for at least 200 to 300 more years, while in the case of oil it is mere 40 to 50 years, and in the case of uranium it is roughly a century. Even today, there are technologies capable of converting coal to fluid or gaseous environmentally friendly fuels with all the advantages of oil products, while free of their disadvantages, in particular the negative environmental impact.